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Female Genital Mutilation Project

Female Genital Mutilation, also referred to as FGM, cutting or female circumcision, is a global practice of cutting, scraping, burning, pulling or piercing the female genital region. On this webpage you will find links out to resources from other organisations, and information about our own service.


  • There are four different types of female genital mutilation as defined by the World Health Organisation. (Please note, this link has images which may be upsetting for some people, as they show in detail what is done to the woman’s genitals as part of the different types of FGM.)
  • FGM is illegal in the UK. In England, Wales and Northern Ireland, civil and criminal legislation on FGM is contained in the Female Genital Mutilation Act 2003 (“the 2003 Act”).
  • FGM has no health benefits and it is harmful to the child or woman. It can cause long term health complications alongside psychological effects.
  • FGM is not a religious practice.



Our BSWA FGM project has specialist staff who understand the complexities around FGM. Our supportive and patient team can support you, without judgment.


Our FGM project works to:-


  • Offer emotional support, health care and practical advice to women and children who have been subjected to FGM or may be at risk of FGM
  • Offer training to professionals for example, on the different types of female genital mutilation
  • Engage with other organisations and work collaboratively to end FGM, for example as part of regional groups such as BAFGM
  • Engage with community groups to educate and campaign on ending FGM


For support you can call BSWA’s helpline 0808 800 0028 or use the webchat service

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